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Fact-check: Does the United States Rank First in the World in Oil Consumption?



This June 26, 2019, file photo shows a gasoline pump at a refueling station in Pittsboro, N.C. On Tuesday, Aug. 13, the Labor Department reports on U.S. consumer prices for July. Photo: Gerry Broome/AP Photo, File

Richard Ojeda, a former West Virginia state senator who briefly sought the Democratic nomination for president, used Twitter to share several areas in which he said the United States leads the world– but not in a good way.

On Aug. 25, Ojeda tweeted, “If this is your measurement for claiming we are the best you really need to know that being #1 in something isn’t always a good thing.”

The attached graphic listed a graphic with the following “#1” rankings:

#1 in student loan debt

#1 in drug prices

#1 in mass shootings

#1 in war spending

#1 in prison population

#1 in gun deaths

#1 in climate denial

#1 in oil consumption

Here, we’ll fact-check whether the United States is “#1 in oil consumption” in the world since international comparisons of data on oil use are more consistent than for many of the other comparisons Ojeda made.

Ojeda told PolitiFact West Virginia that he found his information through Wikipedia. We turned to original sources.

Measured by total oil consumption, the United States does rank first in the world, according to the BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2019, a comprehensive review of data on global energy.

In 2018, the United States consumed 20,456,000 barrels a day — far beyond the second-place nation, China, with 13,525,000 barrels a day.

However, it’s worth noting that using the overall consumption figure is an imperfect method for measuring global oil consumption

Oil consumption “is related to two factors — high consumption and population size,” said Anna Mikulska, a nonresident fellow at the Center for Energy Studies at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy. 

Because larger countries will usually have larger totals than smaller countries, it’s also important to look at per capita consumption — consumption divided by population.

By this measure, the United States is near the top, but it isn’t quite No. 1.

According to calculations by Eni, an Italian oil company, the United States ranked third internationally in per capita oil consumption. Saudi Arabia ranked first with 34.91 barrels a year, followed by Canada with 24.16 barrels and the United States with 23.12 barrels.

Our ruling

Ojeda said the United States is “#1 in oil consumption” in the world. That’s correct for total consumption, but that’s partly because of the United States’ large population. On a per-capita basis, the United States ranks third behind Saudi Arabia and Canada.

We rate the statement Mostly True.

This article was originally published by PolitiFact.

Fact Check

Fact-checking Ethylene Production in the U.S.



Natural gas pipe for the Atlantic Coast Pipeline sits in a yard Feb. 27, 2019, near Morgantown, W.Va. Photo: Larry Dowling/West Virginia Public Broadcast

Three U.S. House members from West Virginia have proposed creating an Appalachian Storage Hub to store and transport large amounts of natural gas liquids in the region.

One of those House members is West Virginia Republican David McKinley. In a news release announcing House Resolution 4433 — the Appalachian Regional Energy Hub Initiative — McKinley said he backs the effort and cited Hurricane Harvey, the 2017 storm that shocked coastal Texas and Louisiana, as evidence that a more reliable storage system is needed.

“Developing such a ‘Hub’ in Appalachia would bring significant investment and jobs to the region,” McKinley said in his op-ed for the Fairmont News.

In his news release, McKinley wrote that the danger for the nation is that today, “about 95% of America’s production of ethylene is produced on the Gulf Coast in Texas and Louisiana — a region exposed to major storms like Hurricane Harvey.”

Is he right about that percentage? We took a closer look.

What is ethylene?

First, let’s explain what ethylene is.

Ethylene is commonly used to produce polyethylene, which is one of the most commonly produced plastics in the world. Food packaging and containers, bottles, and housewares are among the products manufactured from polyethylene.

McKinley’s District of Columbia office pointed us to a report to Congress by the U.S. Energy Department released in November 2018.  

The report includes a line that says that “ethylene production capacity is highly concentrated in the United States Gulf Coast; over 95% of U.S. ethylene production capacity is located in either Texas or Louisiana.”

The figure below illustrates the total capacity in million metric tons that each region produces, the majority of which comes from Texas and Louisiana. 

Documented Ethylene Production Capacity in the U.S. Source: Ethane Storage and Distribution hub in the United States

After Hurricane Harvey hit the U.S. in Texas and Louisiana, 60% of the production capacity in America went offline, causing problems for industry, at least in the short term.  

It’s worth noting that these numbers can be expected to shift once a major “ethane cracker” plant in Monaca, Pa., comes online in another year or two. 

Crackers are facilities that break down ethane into multiple byproducts, including ethylene. The Shell Chemicals facility in Monaca is expected to produce 1.6 million metric tons per year of ethylene.

The Energy Department report cites two additional ethylene facilities in the Appalachian region that are on the drawing board, though they are slated to come online after the Monaca plant. They are in Washington Bottom, W.Va., and Shadyside, Ohio.

Our Ruling

McKinley said, “About 95% of America’s production of ethylene is produced on the Gulf Coast in Texas and Louisiana — a region exposed to major storms like Hurricane Harvey.”

The scale of operations in Appalachia are on track to grow in the coming years, but for now, McKinley is correct: Energy Department data shows that more than 95% of U.S. ethylene production capacity is located in either Texas or Louisiana. 

We rate his statement True.

This article was originally published by PolitiFact.

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Fact Check

How Many West Virginia Students are Homeless?



West Virginia has an unacceptably large number of K-12 students who are homeless, according to a Facebook post by Sen. Joe Manchin, D-W.Va.

In the Sept. 9 Facebook post, Manchin wrote, the “West Virginia Department of Education reported over 10,000 children & youth have been identified as homeless for the 2018-2019 school year. That’s disturbing news, and that’s why I invited U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos to come to #WV and see the impact this is having on our children & schools.” 

The post proceeded to link to a news release outlining his request to DeVos.

West Virginia Department of Education reported over 10,000 children & youth have been identified as homeless for the…

Posted by Senator Joe Manchin III on Monday, September 9, 2019

Is Manchin correct about the scale of the K-12 homelessness problem?

Official data from the state education department shows that Manchin is correct — and that the problem is getting worse.

The number of homeless students has risen since the 2014-15 school year from 8,959 to 10,522 in the 2018-19 school year — a 17% increase. Making the increase even more striking, the state’s overall population has actually fallen by almost 2% during that period.

It’s worth noting that the statistic uses a federal definition known as McKinney-Vento, which counts students as homeless if they live in shelters, hotels or motels, cars, RVs, or with another family member away from their primary residence. Students who are in foster care are not included in these numbers. 

Why is West Virginia seeing an increase?

Rebecca Derenge, the state official responsible for tracking homeless students, told the Charleston Gazette-Mail that the opioid epidemic and floods three years ago may have disrupted family situations for some West Virginia residents.

As it happens, this statistic had already caused some controversy in West Virginia by the time Manchin wrote his post. 

Initially, the statistic for homeless students was left unmentioned during a major battle over education legislation, and it only came to light after reporting published July 20 by Amelia Ferrell Knisely of the Charleston Gazette-Mail.

The Gazette-Mail reported that “several lawmakers admitted the thousands of homeless students weren’t mentioned in months of debate leading up to the final vote” on a major education bill. 

Republican state Sen. Patricia Rucker, who chairs the Senate Education Committee, told the newspaper that the homeless-student statistic was never mentioned by school officials or the state education department.

Then, after the statistic came to light, state schools superintendent Steven Paine told West Virginia Board of Education members that, while the number is “staggering,” its rise over the years “was not a significant increase,” the Gazette-Mail reported Aug. 16.

Paine later apologized for the comment, the Associated Press reported, issuing a statement that he “in no way intended to convey that the data was not significant.”

Our ruling

Manchin wrote that the “West Virginia Department of Education reported over 10,000 children and youth have been identified as homeless for the 2018-2019 school year.” 

The state education department reported that the number of homeless K-12 students in West Virginia for 2018-2019 was 10,522. We rate Manchin’s statement True.

This article was originally published by PolitiFact.

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Fact Check

Fact-check: Did Donald Trump win West Virginia by 42 points in 2016?



Coal miners wave signs during a 2016 rally for Donald Trump in Charleston, West Virginia. Photo: AP/Steve Helber

At a rally in neighboring southwestern Pennsylvania, President Donald Trump trumpeted his wide 2016 presidential election victory in West Virginia.

“I won that one by 42 points — 42 points — West Virginia,” Trump said during his Aug. 13 speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania. 

That would be a big win. Was his victory in the Mountaineer State that large? 

The Trump campaign pointed us to the official results on the website of the West Virginia Secretary of State, which showed that Trump won West Virginia with 68.63 percent, outpacing his Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, with 26.48 percent. The difference is 42.15 percentage points — right in tune with what Trump said.

West Virginia accounted for Trump’s second-widest margin of victory of any state, following Wyoming at 46.29 percent.

The 2016 results were also the latest sign of the widening of the gap between Republicans and Democrats in West Virginia, a state where Democrats were once dominant.

The following chart shows how Democratic margins of victory in the presidential race shrank between 1992 and 1996, then produced increasingly large Republican margins of victory.

As the Pew Research Center has noted, this pattern has coincided with the increasing alignment of national partisan politics on certain demographic factors, notably race, educational attainment and population density.

Geographical areas that are less racially diverse, less college-educated and more rural have swung hard to the Republican Party in recent years, especially in federal-level elections. When Governing magazine recently analyzed all 50 states on these three demographic factors, it found that West Virginia had the strongest Republican-aligned demographics of any state.

Our ruling

Trump said that in the 2016 presidential election in West Virginia, he won by 42 points. He’s correct; in fact, it was his second-widest margin in any state, trailing only Wyoming. We rate the statement True.

This article was originally published by PolitiFact.

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